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Slovenska pediatrija 2014; 21: 148-163


Professional article

SLOVENIAN GUIDELINES FOR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

V. Hadžić
Katedra za medicino športa, Fakulteta za šport, Univerza v Ljubljani, Ljubljana, Slovenija

T. Battelino
Katedra za pediatrijo, Medicinska fakulteta, Univerza v Ljubljani, Ljubljana, Slovenija

B. Pistotnik
Katedra za motorično obnašanje, kontrolo in učenje, Fakulteta za šport, Univerza v Ljubljani, Ljubljana, Slovenija

M. Pori
Katedra za motorično obnašanje, kontrolo in učenje, Fakulteta za šport, Univerza v Ljubljani, Ljubljana, Slovenija

D. Šajber
Katedra za plavanje, vodne aktivnosti v naravi in vodne športe, Fakulteta za šport, Univerza v Ljubljani, Ljubljana, Slovenija

M. Žvan
Katedra za alpsko smučanje, Fakulteta za šport, Univerza v Ljubljani, Ljubljana, Slovenija

B. Škof
Katedra za atletiko, Fakulteta za šport, Univerza v Ljubljani, Ljubljana, Slovenija

G. Jurak
Katedra za šolsko športno vzgojo, Fakulteta za šport, Univerza v Ljubljani, Ljubljana, Slovenija

M. Kovač
Območna enota za varstvo otrok in mladine, Zdravstveni dom dr. Adolfa Drolca Maribor, Maribor, Slovenija

E. Dervišević
Katedra za medicino športa, Fakulteta za šport, Univerza v Ljubljani, Ljubljana, Slovenija

N. Bratina
Katedra za medicino športa, Fakulteta za šport, Univerza v Ljubljani, Ljubljana, Slovenija

Abstract

Regular physical activity in children and adolescents has positive effects on their health, aids in the prevention of obesity in adolescents and adults, and can reduce morbidity and mortality in adulthood. Slovenian physical activity guidelines for children and adolescents present the suitability, intensity, duration and frequency of physical activity for children and adolescents of different ages. Children should perform moderate to high intensity physical activity for at least 60 minutes every day of the week. Prior to physical activity, warm-up is essential, while exercise should always end with a cool-down phase. Children can safely perform strength training 2-3 times a week, as this significantly improves the effects of aerobic exercise.

Key words: physical activity, children, adolescents, guidelines.


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