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Slovenska pediatrija 2015; 22: 124-132


Review article

CHRONIC PAIN IN CHILDREN

J. Kolenc
KO za otroško, mladostniško in razvojno nevrologijo, Univerzitetni klinični center Ljubljana, Pediatrična klinika, Ljubljana, Slovenija

M. Čamernik
Služba za alergologijo, revmatologijo in klinično imunologijo, Pediatrična klinika, Univerzitetni klinični center Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenija

Abstract

Chronic illness in childhood presents a certain risk for a child´s healthy personal development. Different chronic and prolonged illnesses have a different impact on the child. Every illness has its own characteristics, certain limitations, external signs, therapeutic demands, discomfort and pain, course and consequences. Pain is not always a visible sign. Pain can be difficult for a child to describe or express, but that does not mean that he/she does not feel it. Experts are of the opinion that children rarely pretend to have pain. Pain treatment includes pain assessments, recognition and management (pharmacological and non-pharmacological management).

Key words: chronic pain, pain assessment, pain management.


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