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Slovenska pediatrija 2012; 19: 183-188

https://doi.org/

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Review article

HOW TO STOP PROLONGED EPILEPTIC SEIZURES OUTSIDE OF THE HOSPITAL AND FIRST AID

J. Kolenc
KO za otroško, mladostniško in razvojno nevrologijo, Univerzitetni klinični center Ljubljana, Pediatrična klinika, Ljubljana, Slovenija

T. Kadunc
Klinični oddelek za otroško, mladostniško in razvojno nevrologijo, Pediatrična klinika, Univerzitetni klinični center Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenija

Abstract

Epileptic seizures can occur at all stages of childhood due to different causes. Parents must learn how to recognize epileptic seizures, carry out first aid and treat seizures that last more than two to five minutes. Grandparents, teachers and friends should also be educated. Epileptic seizures in a non-hospital environment can be stopped using various therapeutic measures: rectal administration of diazepam and buccal administration of midazolam, which has also been administered intranasally since 2012. The article describes first aid for epileptic seizures that last more than two to five minutes and treatment in a non-hospital environment.

Key words: Epileptic seizure, emergency medication, plan, first aid.